The Buddhist Circuits are the Places of all
High Significance Holy Sites of Buddhism;
where Lord Buddha was born, attained Enlightenment,
preached first Sermon and reached Nirvana.
Lumbini, Bodhgaya, Sarnath and Kushinagar
are the primary pilgrimage places of Buddhist
Circuits associated with the life and teachings
of the Lord Buddha. There are numerous other
sites where the Buddha and the saints that
followed traveled during his life after his
transformation, which are held in deep veneration.
Visitors can travel through this Buddhist
Circuit today, to savor the splendid beauty
and great appeal of Buddhism.
The greatest impetus to Buddha's teachings
came from the Indian King Ashoka who went
on a great pilgrimage visiting the important
sites that are directly associated with his
life, in the Footsteps of Lord Buddha. Primary
amongst these holy places are Lumbini in Nepal,
and Bodhgaya, Sarnath and Kushinagar in India.
There are other places of lesser significance
on the Footsteps of Lord Buddha visitor circuit
associated closely with Buddha's life.
Amongst these are Buddha's monsoon retreats
of Vaishali, Rajgir and Sravastii in India,
and his early home at Tilaurakot in Kapilavastu
Lumbini in southern Nepal is where Queen Mayadevi gave birth
to Prince Siddhartha. It is just a short distance from the
Shakya capital of Kapilavastu. Pilgrimages focus on the sacred
garden which contains the site of the birth, the Mayadevi
temple, the Pashkarni pond and the Ashoka pillar.
was in Bodhgaya in Bihar, India that Prince Siddhartha found
Enlightenment (nirvana) under the bodhi tree after meditating
for 49 days. No longer a bodhisattva (mentor), he became Lord
Buddha, the Enlightened One.
gave his first sermon at Sarnath after achieving enlightenment,
about 10 km from the ancient holy city of Varanasi. It was
here that the Buddha established his first disciples (sangha)
to promote his new doctrine. The splendid Dhamekha Stupa at
Sarnath was originally erected by King Ashoka, as was the
famous lion capital pillar, now the proud symbol of India.
Kushinagar, Lord Buddha fell ill and left this world in 543
BC. His mortal remains were preserved in eight commemorative
chortens, and then further distributed by King Ashoka into
84,000 stupas across his kingdom and beyond.